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The Chess Champions and Their Style..

The Chess world knows number of World Champions since the first officially recognized Championship held in 1886.Each Champion had their own personal style of Playing - be it Aggressive, attacking, strategic or tactical.

For systematic method of playing, "Adopt a legend" is known to have worked well for many chess experts and is well known amongst the novice players. An attacking player could choose from Tal , Alekhine or Kasparov . The strategic player could emulate Petrosian , Botvinnik or Capablanca .

Some outstanding chess champions are known before the first recognized championship held in 1886 in USA between Wilhelm Steinitz and Johannes Zukertort . They are:

Ruy Lopez - achieved his standing by beating the best Italian Players. He also wrote, a collection of Chess openings and general advice and analysis in 'Libro del Axedrez'.

The leading Italian players at this time were Paolo Boi .He was renowned for his ability to play three games at once without sight of the board, a skill that astonished his contemporaries.

Gioaccchino Greco was the best known Italian master, after a generation,. He traveled throughout Europe playing matches for high stakes and compiled manuscripts on Chess openings, two of which survive in the Bodleian. According to him, tactics were very important. I n 1620 he wrote his analysis of some composed games and illustrated two different ways to play Chess - the player who tries to capture as many of the opponent's pieces as possible and the player who sacrifices pieces.

A master of blindfold Chess- Francois Andre Danican Philidor , musician and composer, dominated French and English Chess circles for nearly half a century. He was the first player to try to systematize Chess knowledge and his ' Analyse du Jeu des Echecs ' (Chess Analyzed), is a very influential book of the period, which appeared in 100+ editions. The first great player to understand the importance of Pawns, which he described as 'the soul of Chess' and drew attention to their strengths and weakness in his book. Philidor's middle game advice was his most important contribution to posterity. He saw planning as an extremely important part of the game (once your pieces are developed you should plan an overall goal - kingside or queenside attack etc).

Another Frenchman, Alexander Deschapelles was an extremely talented player. His Pupil Louis La Bourdonnais was recognized as unofficial world champion. In 1834 he defeated the leading Irish player Alexander McDonnell over 85 games.

B y 1843 Howard Staunton became Europe's leading player. In 1841 he founded the first successful Chess magazine the 'Chess Player's Chronicle'. His two great contributions to Chess literature were the books 'Chess Praxis' and 'The Chess Player's Handbook'.

Wilhelm Steinitz became world champion when he defeated Johann Zukertort in 1886. His influence on modern Chess was immense. S teinitz remained world champion until 1894 when he was 58 years of age. He understood the importance of building up positional advantages in order to win, and his ideas were published in his book 'Modern Chess Theory'.

E manuel Lasker won the title in 1894 and held it for a record 27 years
In 1921 Jose Capablanca won the title.
Max Euwe had a brief two years as champion.
Smyslov became champion in 1957/58.
The greatest attacking genius of modern Chess, Mikhail Tal was champion from 1960 to 1961.
T he world champion between 1963-1969 was Tigran Petrosian .
1969 saw Boris Spassky take the title.
Bobby Fischer became champion in 1972.
Anatoly Karpov became champion in 1975.
Gary Kasparov became world champion in 1985.

And many more Chess champions will continue to make their reputation in chess world....

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